Sample program to read XML


Below Java code parse the book.xml file.




<?xml version="1.0"?>


   <book id="bok101">

      <author>Gambardella, Matthew</author>





      <description>Sun certified Java programming reference .</description>


   <book id="bok102">

      <author>Ralls, Kim</author>

      <title>XML Reference</title>




      <description>An in-depth look at creating applications

      with XML.</description>




The Below Class XMLReader  reads the above XML File. You can copy paste the code in eclipse or net beans IDE and use it as a reference:


Java program to read xml using DOM parser


import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;

public class XMLReader {

 public static void main(String argv[]) {

  try {
  File file = new File("c:\\book.xml");
  DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
  DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();
  Document doc = db.parse(file);
  System.out.println("Root element " + doc.getDocumentElement().getNodeName());
  NodeList nodeLst = doc.getElementsByTagName("book");
  System.out.println("Information of all books");

  for (int s = 0; s < nodeLst.getLength(); s++) {

    Node fstNode = nodeLst.item(s);
    if (fstNode.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
           Element fstElmnt = (Element) fstNode;
      NodeList fstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("author");
      Element fstNmElmnt = (Element) fstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList fstNm = fstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("author : "  + ((Node) fstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());
      NodeList lstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("title");
      Element lstNmElmnt = (Element) lstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList lstNm = lstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("title : " + ((Node) lstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());

      NodeList lstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("genre");
      Element lstNmElmnt = (Element) lstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList lstNm = lstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("genre : " + ((Node) lstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());

      NodeList lstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("price");
      Element lstNmElmnt = (Element) lstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList lstNm = lstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("price : " + ((Node) lstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());

      NodeList lstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("publish date");
      Element lstNmElmnt = (Element) lstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList lstNm = lstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("publish date: " + ((Node) lstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());

      NodeList lstNmElmntLst = fstElmnt.getElementsByTagName("description");
      Element lstNmElmnt = (Element) lstNmElmntLst.item(0);
      NodeList lstNm = lstNmElmnt.getChildNodes();
      System.out.println("description: " + ((Node) lstNm.item(0)).getNodeValue());

  } catch (Exception e) {


 To read about, how to write book.xml using Java, click the below link:


Java program to write xml using DOM parser

Sandeep Joshi
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